High blood pressure (hypertension) +high blood pressure symptoms



High blood pressure (hypertension) is a frequent condition in which the long-term force of blood vessels against your artery walls is sufficient that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease.

High blood pressure (hypertension) +high blood pressure symptoms

Blood vessels pressure is made a decision both by how much blood your cardiovascular pumps and how much resistance to blood vessels flow in your arteries. A lot more blood vessels your heart pushes and the less wide your arteries, the higher your low blood pressure. A blood pressure reading is given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It has two numbers.

Top range (systolic pressure). The initial, or upper, range measures the pressure in your arterial blood vessels as soon as your heart sounds.
Bottom number (diastolic pressure). The other, or lower, number procedures the pressure in your arteries between beats.
You can have heart disease for years without the symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood vessels pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Fortunately, high blood pressure can easily be diagnosed. And once you realize you have heart disease, you can work with your physician to control it.


Most people with good bloodstream pressure have no symptoms, even if stress readings achieve dangerously high levels.

Some individuals with high blood pressure might have headaches, lack of breath or nosebleeds, but these signs or symptoms aren't specific and generally avoid occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening phase.

When to see a doctor

You will most probably have your stress used as part of an routine doctor's consultation.

Ask your medical professional for a blood vessels pressure reading at least every two years starting at 18. If occur to be age 40 or older, or occur to be 18 to 39 with a high risk of heart disease, ask your medical professional for a blood vessels pressure reading every year.

Blood pressure generally should be checked in both arms to ascertain if there's a big difference. It's important to use an appropriate-sized arm cuff.

Your personal doctor will likely recommend more-frequent readings if you've long been clinically diagnosed with high blood vessels pressure and have absolutely other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Young children age 3 and older will usually have blood pressure measured as an element of their yearly checkups.

In the event you don't regularly call at your doctor, you may well be competent to get a free low blood pressure screening at a health learning resource fair or other locations in your community. You can also find machines in some stores that will evaluate your blood pressure for free.

People blood pressure machines, such as those seen in pharmacies, may provide helpful information about your low blood pressure, nonetheless they could have some limitations. The exactness of these machines is determined by several factors, say for example a correct wristband size and proper technique machines. Consult your personal doctor for advice on using people blood pressure machines.

There are two types of high blood pressure.

Key (essential) hypertension

For almost all adults, there's no identifiable cause of high blood pressure. This sort of high blood vessels pressure, called key (essential) hypertension, will probably develop steadily over many years.

Second high blood pressure

Some people have heart disease induced by a fundamental condition. This type of heart disease, called supplementary hypertension, tends to appear suddenly and cause higher bloodstream pressure than really does primary hypertension. Numerous conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, including:

  • Obstructive stop apnea
  • Kidney disease
  • Well known adrenal gland tumors
  • Thyroid gland problems
  • Certain problems you're born with (congenital) in arteries
  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers, and several prescribed drugs
  • Illegal drugs, such as crack and amphetamines

Danger factors
High blood pressure has many risk factors, including:

Age. The particular risk of hypertension increases as you age. Until about age 64, hypertension is more common in men. Females may develop high blood pressure after age 65.
Competition. High blood pressure is particularly common among people of African heritage, often developing at an earlier age than it does in whites. Serious problems, such as cerebrovascular accidents, heart attacks and kidney failure, also are more prevalent in people of African heritage.
Family background. Hypertension tends to run in households.
Being overweight or obese. The more you weigh, the more blood you need to provide oxygen and nutrition to your tissue. Because the amount of blood flow throughout your blood vessels boosts, so does the pressure on your artery walls.
Not necessarily being physically lively. Those people who are inactive have a tendency to have higher heart rates. The greater your heart rate, the harder your heart must work with each compression and the more powerful the force on your arteries. Shortage of physical activity also increases the risk of obesity.
Using tobacco. Definitely not only does smoking or chewing strong tobacco immediately raise your blood pressure in the short term, nevertheless the chemicals in tobacco can destruction the lining of your artery wall surfaces. This can cause your arteries to narrow and increase your likelihood of heart disease. Old smoke also can increase your cardiovascular disease risk.
Too much salt (sodium) in your diet. A lot sodium in your diet can cause your body to maintain fluid, which enhances blood pressure.
Also little potassium in your diet. Potassium helps balance the amount of salt in your skin cells. A proper balance of potassium is critical forever cardiovascular system health. If you get enough potassium in your diet, or you lose too much potassium owing to dehydration or other health hazards, salt can accumulate in your blood.
Sipping too much liquor. Over time, heavy drinking can destruction your heart. Possessing multiple drink a day for you if you and more than two drinks a day males may have an impact on your blood pressure.

If you consume alcohol, do so in moderation. For healthy adults, this means upward to one drink a day for women and two drinks each day for men. One drink equals 12 oz . of beer, 5 ounces of wines or 1. 5 ounces of 80-proof liquor.

Stress. Large levels of stress can result in a short-term embrace blood pressure. Stress-related habits such as eating more, using tobacco or drinking alcohol can lead to further increases in low blood pressure.
Certain chronic conditions. Certain chronic conditions also may increase your likelihood of high blood pressure, including kidney disease, diabetes and sleeping apnea.
Sometimes maternity contributes to high blood pressure as well.

Although hypertension is most common in grown-ups, children may be at risk, too. For a few children, high bloodstream pressure is brought on by difficulties with the kidneys or center. But for progressively more kids, poor lifestyle habits — such as an bad as well as lack of exercise — contribute to high blood pressure.


Too much pressure on your artery walls brought on by high bloodstream pressure can harm your blood ships as well as your organs. The particular higher your hypotension and the extended it goes out of control, the greater the damage.

Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to complications including:

  • Heart strike or stroke. Large blood pressure can cause hardening and thickening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can lead to a heart stroke, stroke, or other complications.
  • Aneurysm. Elevated blood pressure can cause your bloodstream vessels to damage and bulge, building an aneurysm. In the event of an aneurysm scission, it can be life-threatening.
  • Heart inability. To pump blood vessels against the higher pressure in your vessels, the cardiovascular system has to work harder. This brings about the walls of the heart's water removal chamber to coagulate (left ventricular hypertrophy). Eventually, the thickened muscle could have a hard time water removal enough blood to meet your human body's needs, which can lead to cardiovascular system failure.
  • Weakened and narrowed blood boats in your kidneys. This may prevent these organs from performing normally.
  • Thickened, concentrated, or torn blood vessels in the eyes. This may cause vision loss.
  • Metabolic syndrome. This affliction is several grouped ailments of your own body's metabolism, including increased stomach size, high triglycerides, decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the "good" cholesterol), high blood pressure, and high insulin levels. These conditions make you almost certainly going to develop diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke.
  • The trouble with memory or understanding. Uncontrolled heart disease may also affect your ability to think, remember and learn. The trouble with ram or understanding principles is more common in people with high hypotension.
  • Dementia. Narrowed or obstructed arteries can reduce blood flow to the brain, leading to a certain type of dementia (vascular dementia). A new stroke that stops blood flow to mental performance also can cause vascular dementia.

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